Cơ hội luyện tập kỹ năng Writing Task 2 cùng hàng loạt cụm từ vựng đắt giá . Đây là bài giải đề thi IELTS Writing vào ngày 09/05 vừa qua được viết bởi cựu giám khảo IELTS, độc quyền tại ETEST Vietnam.
TASK 2: In today’s world, private companies rather than the government pay for and conduct most scientific research. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Research and development in the science and technology sectors is vital to the modern environment and no longer predominantly takes place in the public sector. Privately owned corporations are indeed at the heart of today’s scientific innovation and scientific endeavors. This essay will present the case that there are more advantages than disadvantages to this phenomenon.
To begin, government officials are elected by the populations they represent. Many times, the most popular person is chosen rather than the most competent one. For example, famous actors such as Ronald Regan and Arnold Schwarzenegger have become politicians and are more known for their Hollywood acting roles rather than their intellectual prowess. Furthermore, government workers often occupy day jobs. This means that once the work day is over, they may not be concerned with any happenings of the day because they lack the passion for progress in a specific discipline with which they are not familiar. The next paragraph will argue that private professionals, enthusiasts, and entrepreneurs are better suited for work in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields.
Professionals with an innate passion do not let the limited hours that comprise a work day dictate when they can work on their craft and are much less likely to give up on their goals. Imagine if Elon Musk, or Albert Einstein, had to abide by a strict 8-hour-per-day schedule, they probably would not have accomplished such great feats. Moreover, research suggests that entrepreneurs and social influencers often work 70 to 80 hours per week. This allows them plenty of time to experiment and test new ideas. Lastly, rich private companies do not have to deal with such limited budgets like the government does. As a result, they can spend more time and money on researching and recruiting the most appropriate talents.
In conclusion, although some government agencies such as NASA do engage in scientific research, it becomes crystal clear that the private sector is better equipped for working in this aspect. Private companies can devote more time, money, and manpower to a goal and generally have to deal with less “red tape”. Perhaps in the future, the private and public sectors will work together effectively.
Các cụm từ hữu ích xuất hiện trong bài:
- vital (adj): quan trọng, thiết yếu
- predominantly (adv): phần lớn, chủ yếu là
- scientific endeavors : những nỗ lực trong khoa học
- phenomenon (n): hiện tượng
- intellectual prowess : năng lực trí tuệ
- occupy (v): bận rộn với (cái gì)/chiếm, giữ
- discipline (n): kỷ luật
- entrepreneur (n): doanh nghiệp
- innate passion : đam mê bẩm sinh
- dictate (v): ra lệnh
- abide by (phrasal verb): tuân thủ
- great feats : kỳ công
- crystal clear : cực kỳ dễ hiểu
- red tape (idiom): những quy định có vẻ không hợp lý và khiến mọi thứ diễn ra chậm chạp/ tác phong quan liêu giấy tờ