Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 + Task 2 hay nhất mà bạn cần nắm

ELTS Writing Task 1 – 2 là phần có lượng từ vựng lớn, gây khó khăn cho nhiều người học. Trong bài viết này, Anh Ngữ ETEST sẽ tổng hợp cho bạn từ vựng IELTS Writing quan trọng và thường gặp nhất.

từ vựng ielts writing
Từ vựng IELTS Writing theo từng dạng bài thi

1. Bộ từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 phổ biến nhất

1.1 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Bar Chart

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 register ở mức The number of male and female in tertiary education registered 400 and 500 respectively in this area.
2 double gấp đôi The number of animals in Farewell zoo doubled that of Hinkley zoo in 2004.
3 three-fold gấp ba Starbuck’s customer base three-fold that of The Coffee House in 2016.
4 exceed hơn, vượt hơn Turnover at 2019’s concert exceeded that in 2015 by 30,000.
5 follow theo sau Italy followed China closely, with 90 FDI projects.
6 skyrocket gia tăng mạnh Investment in wind projects in Hai Phong skyrocketed to a total of 95 by 2019
7 plummet giảm Attendance at the clay workshop plummeted over time, from 93 to only 49.
8 remain stable giữ vững The number of branches remained stable at 60 until 1999.
9 upward/downwward trend xu hướng tăng/giảm An upward trend can be seen in the percentage of households connected to the Internet.
10 witnessed nhận thấy, chứng kiến Radio users witnessed a jump from 5600 to nearly 7000 in 2000

1.2 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Pie Chart

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 account for/make up chiếm Taxes account for slightly more than half of the national budget in 2004
2 constitute gây nên Heating constituted up to 12 percent of the utility of an average household in NYC.
3 proportion phần trăm The proportion of the university budget spent on maintenance was insignificant, at only 2%
4 shrink giảm Household plastic wastes in 2021 in Beverly Hills shrinked to 9% of the total wastes.
5 outstrip vượt trội, vượt xa Wage expense far outstripped that of administration expense, at 24% and 10%, respectively.
6 dominant dẫn đầu, đứng đầu Food and drink is the dominant expense for the students, making up 29% of their spending.
7 amount to đạt đến Together, transport. clothing, and holidays amounted to 19% of students’ expenditure in 2010.
8 half giảm một nửa Expenses on eating out halved in 2010, with students spending only 5% of their budget.
9 quarter phần tư, 25% A quarter of monthly income goes into eating out.
10 share phần The car make that enjoyed the biggest share in international sales was X in 2000, at 24%.

1.3 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Map

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 extend/enlarge/widen mở rộng (về diện tích) The playground was generously extended, doubling the former size in 2010.
2 shrink nhỏ lại (về diện tích) The office block on the west side shrinked by half in 2000 to make room for the garden.
3 cut off thu hẹp The pool near the changing area was cut off to make space for the gym.
4 substitute/


Thay thế The parking lot was replaced by a big fountain.
5 eliminate/

do away with/ remove

loại bỏ The gallery was later done away with.
6 move/shift/


thay đổi vị trí The statue has been relocated to the north hall.
7 add thêm vào After a decade, a new sitting area was added to the library.
8 construct dựng lên Another parking lot was constructed to the south of the hospital.
9 convert chuyển đổi The archaeology room was later converted into the children’s playground.
10 modification/alteration/change sự thay đổi There have been various modifications to the library ground floo during the period in question.

1.4 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Process

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 cyclical tuần hoàn This is a cyclical process, consisting of 7 stages.
2 linear một chiều The process is linear, starting with X and ending with Y.
3 automatic tự động (được thực hiện bằng máy móc) The resembling line is automatic.
4 depict diễn tả The diagram depicts the process of coffee production.
5 subsequently sau đó Subsequently, the potatoes are chopped into thin slices.
6 Prior Trước Prior to being deep fried, the potatoes are let to dry naturally.
7 Following on Sau đó Following on, the farmers pour the honey into the heating tank.
8 send to/deliver to/move to di chuyển đến The potatoes will then be sent to the conveyor belt.
9 man-made nhân tạo The process of making raisins is generally man-made.
10 After which sau (một bước trước đó) The oranges are washed thoroughly, after which they are peeled off the skin.

1.5 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Line Graph

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 surge tăng The number of graduates in architecture surged by 700, reaching 2090 in 2019.
2 rocket/


tăng mạnh The rate of burglary in the town center skyrocketed towards the 1970s.
3 climb tăng The number of graduates in medicines climbed to 2290 in 2019.
4 plummet giảm The customer base of Laha coffee plummeted remarkably in 2005.
5 slip giảm The number of tourists in Green Bay slipped from 15000 to 11000 in 2018-2021.
6 dive giảm Attendance of the clay workshop dived from 900 to 700 for the 2004-2007 period.
7 remarkably một cách đáng chú ý The income of X coffee dipped remarkably during the period in question.
8 stabilize giữ vững The number of projects in both cities stabilized at around 60 from 2017 to 2019.
9 peak chạm đỉnh The university income peaked at 70,000 dollars in 2000.
10 rock bottom chạm đáy The university rocked bottomed at 30,000 dollars in 2000.

1.6 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Diễn tả tính tổng quát

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 Generally nhìn chung The library generally spent much on the procurement of books and materials.
2 For the most parts Hầu như For the most parts, male participants outnumbered female.
3 The majority of Phần lớn The majority of graduates are supported by their family financially.
4 Overall Nhìn chung Overall, an upward trend can be seen in the amount of rainfall towards the end of the year.
5 The general pattern is … xu hướng chung là The general pattern is that burglary saw a lower rate as time passed while the opposite applied to car theft.
6 An upward/

downward trend can be seen in …

xu hướng tăng/giảm có thể được nhận thấy ở A downward trend can be seen in the number of radio users.
7 all in all tổng quan All in all, the number of male graduates in engineering still exceeded that of female.
8 to a great extent/degree đến một mức độ cao National budget depends on tax income to a great extent.
9 generally speaking nói chung Generally speaking, more people use the Internet to access news than printed newspaper.
10 Largely phần nhiều The university income is largely comprised of funding from the state.

1.7 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – Diễn tả quan hệ tương phản

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 Although/though mặc dù Although he does not wear appropriate clothes, they let him in.
2 Eventhough mặc dù Eventhough she cried the whole night, she still woke up on time.
3 Despite Dù cho Despite waking up late, he managed to got to school in time.
4 In spite of Dù cho In spite of lots of criticism, he carried on his work.
5 while/whereas trong khi While people were trying to save the bear, some others ignored the emergency.
6 however tuy nhiên They dropped by our place. However, we had gone on holiday already.
7 much as mặc dù Much as I like her, I won’t tolerate her behaviors.
8 for all bất chấp For all the efforts she made, she did not pass the test.
9 On the one hand, ….On the other hand Một mặt,… Mặt khác On the one hand, we need to save endangered species. On the other hand, we need to address other more important issues.
10 Even if Dù nếu Even if she begs me to stay, I will still leave.

Xem thêm: 3000+ từ vựng IELTS thông dụng nhất mà bạn cần biết

2. Bộ từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 phổ biến nhất

2.1 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 – Introduction

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 In this day and age Ngày nay In this day and age, fashion plays a vital role in building image.
2 From my perspective Theo góc nhìn của tôi From my perspective, there are other more pressing issues in the world than saving endangered species.
3 I strongly subscribe to the belief that… Tôi mạnh dạn đồng ý rằng I strongly subscribe to the belief that students should be free to choose their major.
4 I am in total disagreement with… Tôi hoàn toàn không đồng tình với I am in total disagreement with parents choosing the major of their children in university.
5 I hold a neutral viewpoint Tôi giữ ý kiến trung lập I hold a neutral viewpoint in this case due to the following reasons.
6 When it comes to Xét tới When it comes to economic gains, they must be in harmony with the environment.
7 In a world with fast-paced developments Trong thế giới thay đổi nhanh chóng In a world of fast-paced developments, smart phones have become almost irreplaceable.
8 This essay will analyse the pros and cons of Bài luận này sẽ phân tích mặt tốt và xấu của .. This essay will analyse the pros and cons of doing free-lance jobs.
9 pros and cons/benefits and drawbacks mặt tốt và mặt xấu/lợi ích và bất lợi I believe spending money on luxury items has its pros and cons.
10 to be in favor of đồng tình I am in favor of saving money for long-term plans.

2.2 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 – Paragraphs

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 On the one hand,…

On the other hand,…

Một mặt,..

Mặt khác,..

On the one hand, saving money is a good habit….

On the other hand, spending money should be prioritized over saving money.

2 Therefore Vì vậy There are an ecletic mix of demands daily to ensure us a decent life. Therefore, spending money is a must, especially on food, utility, and quality medicines.
3 Thereby Theo đó By saving money, we can accumulate a large sum and thereby realizing big goals.
4 What is more Hơn thế nữa What is more, saving money helps building discipline as it shapes our habit.
5 Furthermore bên cạnh đó Furthermore, spending money is a way to reduce stress, according to therapists.
6 Thus như vậy saving money requires strong will. Thus, only disciplined people will manage to save enough money for big goals.
7 Nonetheless/


tuy nhiên Nonetheless, people argue that we are only living for the moment.
8 Consequently/

As a consequence

Theo hệ quả, vì vậy Consequently, we should not be too hard on ourselves for spending a little more money than we usually do.
9 We can not deny that/Undoubtedly Chúng ta không thể chối cãi rằng We can not deny that money makes life easier.
10 It is argued that người ta cho rằng It is argued that saving money limits the growth of the economy.

2.3 Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 – Conclusion

STT Từ vựng Nghĩa Câu ví dụ
1 In conclusion/to conclude nhìn chung In conclusion, walking is a cheap, safe, enjoyable and readily available form of exercise
2 Concerted actions hành động kết hợp Without concerted action, that number will only rise.
3 Strike a balance between cân bằng giữa It’s a question of striking the right balance between quality and productivity
4 In short…: Nói ngắn gọn lại là In short, I should raise everyone’s awareness of recycling waste to protect the natural living environment.
5 Overall Tổng quan lại Overall, petrol and oil are the primary power sources in this country throughout the period shown, while the least used power sources are nuclear and renewable energy
6 On the whole Xét về tổng thể thì Overall, it has been a good year
7 In a nutshell Tóm lại In a nutshell, the owners thought they knew best
8 To repeat in short Nhắc lại ngắn gọn thì
9 In a word Nói tóm lại
10 That is to say Điều này có nghĩa là That is to say, I should respect all types of love because there is nothing unnatural, against the law

Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 1 – 2 là phần quan trọng không thể bỏ qua nếu bạn muốn chinh phục bài thi IELTS. Hy vọng với hệ thống từ vựng mà giáo viên Anh Ngữ ETEST đã tổng hợp trên đây sẽ giúp bạn cải thiện trình độ IELTS của mình.

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Học luyện thi IELTS


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Anh ngữ ETEST Đà Nẵng: Số 9, Đường C2, Khu Đô Thị Quốc tế Đa Phước, P. Thanh Bình, Q. Hải Châu, TP. Đà Nẵng

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