IELTS READING LEVEL 4.5 – Game On!

Game On!

Ready, Set, Go!

Scientists are keeping score on how many sports to play.

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Grab your tennis racket, bicycle, and soccer ball too! A study finds that playing more than one sport may be better for you than playing just one.

Scientists studied more than 500 kids who play tennis. Most of the kids began playing the sport around age 6. They practice for 16 to 20 hours each week. The scientists found that the kids who play more than one kind of sport are less likely to be injured. To be injured is to be hurt.

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Why is playing more than one sport good for you? Each sport uses different muscle groups. Playing only one sport can put too much strain on the same muscle groups. Strain is the overuse of a body part. If you play tennis, you swing a tennis racket. That puts a lot of strain on your arm. If you switch to soccer, you give your arm a rest.

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The study was led by Dr. Neeru Jayanthi of Loyola University’s Stritch School of Medicine. He gives this advice to kids: “Play lots of different types of sports to make sure you have fun. It might make it less likely that you’d get hurt.”

 


 

Vocabulary

 

injure    in · jure

Definition

verb

  1. to harm or damage.

He injured his leg in a car accident.

 

Advanced Definition

transitive verb

  1. to impair; harm; damage; wound.

He injured his opponent in the fight.

I injured my back when I lifted that box.

The complaints to the newspaper injured the reputation of the business.

  1. to cause distress, wrong, or hurt to.

Her insensitive remark injured the child deeply.

 


These are some examples of how the word or forms of the word are used:
 

  1. Horses and dogs injure people all the time.
  2. Objects can injure the canal or even the eardrum.
  3. Big cats can break out of cages and injure or even kill people.
  4. A big landslide could bury homes and badly injure people in its path.
  5. Tornadoes can be so strong that they make the glass from windows break, which caninjure anyone nearby.
  6. A collapse or accident could not only cost a lot of money, but also injure or kill travelers.

 


 

strain    strain

Definition

verb

  1. to bring something close to its breaking point.

Their frequent arguments strained their  marriage.

  1. to hurt or injure something by using it too much.

He strained a muscle while playing softball.

  1. to remove the solid things from a liquid.

She strained the vegetables for her baby.

  1. to pull with energy or force.

The dog strained on its leash.

 

noun

  1. an injury caused by putting too much force on a muscle.

The strain in his back was caused by lifting heavy boxes.

 

Advanced Definition

transitive verb

  1. to pull or stretch to a high degree of tension.
  2. to exert or extend to the maximum.
  3. to push beyond limit, reason, or endurance.
  4. to injure, impair, or weaken by excessive stress.

He strained a muscle during practice.

  1. to cause through stress, mechanical failure of.
  2. to pass (a substance) through a sieve or filter.

The chef strained the sauce.

  1. to remove (something) by filtering.

The chef strained the lumps from the sauce.

 

intransitive verb

  1. to pull energetically or forcibly.
  2. to expend the maximum amount of effort; strive.
  3. to put one’s nerves and muscles under the maximum amount of stress.
  4. to filter, trickle, or percolate through something.

 

noun

  1. the act or process of straining.
  2. the condition of being strained.
  3. an injury or impairment resulting from placing too much stress on some part of the body.
  4. extreme pressure or force, sometimes causing harm or deformity.
  5. severe or exhausting emotional pressure.

 

These are some examples of how the word or forms of the word are used:

  1. Strain is the overuse of a body part.
  2. A strain is a torn or pulled muscle or tendon.
  3. Playing only one sport can put too much strain on the same muscle groups.
  4. Keeping your weight at a healthy level can keep your joints safe from extra strain, advises Letha Griffin, an orthopedist in Atlanta.
  5. If you play tennis, you swing a tennis racket. That puts a lot ofstrain on your arm. If you switch to soccer, you give your arm a rest.

 


Name: ___________________________________ Date: _______________
1. What advice does Dr. Jayanthi have for kids?
A. play soccer instead of tennis
B. play lots of different types of sports
C. be sure to practice 16 to 20 hours a week
D. start playing tennis at age 6
2. The author describes what muscle strain is by using which of the following examples?
A. The author uses tennis, bicycling and soccer as examples.
B. The author uses kids who get injured as examples.
C. The author uses soccer and tennis as examples.
D. The author uses kids who play tennis as examples.
3. It can be inferred from the passage that
A. scientists can help kids who are injured playing sports
B. kids who play tennis almost never get injured
C. it is very rare to get injured playing sports
D. some kids get injured playing sports
4. Read the following sentence and answer the question: “Strain is the overuse of a body part.”
What does the word “overuse” mean in the sentence?
A. to finish
B. to achieve
C. to get better
D. too much
5. The main idea of this passage is that
A. it can strain your arm to swing a tennis racket
B. it is more likely that you will get hurt bike riding
C. it is a good idea to play different kinds of sports
D. it is a lot of fun to play soccer and tennis
6. According to the passage, why is it better to play more than one sport?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
7. If you are a tennis player, what might be one problem you might encounter in switching to baseball as your other sport?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
8. The question below is an incomplete sentence. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
If kids play more than one kind of sport they are less likely to get a sports injury.
A. so
B. therefore
C. then
D. although
9. Which dog has an injury?
                                        
10. If you trip and fall on a piece of glass, will you get hurt?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

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Definitions and sample sentences within definitions are provided by Wordsmyth. © 2015 Wordsmyth. All rights reserved.

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